(f) Traits are more often a result of leadership than the cause. The above points are very important for students who want to write an in-depthÂ Essay on Leadership.Â Now letâs read how leadership works in different fields and sectors. It helps them understand the behaviour of subordinates relevant to their leadership style. Physical and personality characteristics are by and large innate as heredity affects these factors to a large extent. Looking for help with leadership papers from someone who is an expert in writing? Internals relate rewards to their efforts and performance and externals believe that rewards occur by chance or factors beyond their control. (a) Exploitative – authoritative style of leadership: Similar to task management style in the Blake and Mouton’s Managerial Grid, this style of leadership aims at production maximisation and ignores human aspect of the organisational behaviour. Employees performing unstructured tasks (where activities performed by the subordinates are not clear), want the leaders to guide them about how to perform those tasks, and, therefore, task-oriented or directive leadership behaviour is more appropriate. It promotes decision-making ability of employees, enhances their morale and knowledge of environmental variables. Trust is the her/his followers and provides the capacity for organizational and leadership success. They only clear the doubts of group members. Neither extreme authority nor extreme freedom exist in organisations. Path goal theory helps to find the path towards attainment of goals set by the leaders. According to this theory, leadership style depends on the situational requirements. It is a quality that is got by birth or can be earned through hard work. Mentor. According to them, there is no best leadership style. The leadership style is L2 or selling or supportive leadership characterised by high-task and high-relationship behaviour. Effectiveness of leadership style depends upon the following characteristics of subordinates: It deals with the belief of people as to whether they control the events or the events control them (they are controlled by events). A number of other studies also relate effective leadership with some traits. Introduction to Leadership essay: – Leaders are considered an inspirational character for the society. The leader controls the management. The extreme right democratic style assumes that leaders derive power from expert or referent sources and workers belong to Theory Y set of assumptions. Skills and abilities are the power of leaders to be clever, initiative, creative, persuasive and tactful. The power to clearly communicate various thoughts and ideas with the followers. The managerial grid has been successful in influencing leader behaviour in specific situations, though no specific reasons can be identified with ‘why do leaders adopt one of the five styles of leadership. 2596 Words 11 Pages. If employees do not accept him as a task-oriented leader, he cannot choose that style even if he desires. Leaders maximise output by setting structured work environment and minimum attention is paid to human needs and their satisfaction. Task structure defines whether the task is structured (routine) or unstructured (complex). Ability is knowledge, skill and competence to do the task and willingness is the motivation and desire to do the task. Tannenbaum and Schmidt’s Leadership Continuum. Robert House identified dominance, self-confidence, need for influence and conviction of moral righteousness as traits of effective leaders. Being the most significant characteristic that defines leadership, positive attitude is essential energy that a leader must have. People are not “fully developed” or “underdeveloped”. Thus, there is no best style of leadership appropriate for all situations. ADVERTISEMENTS: Leadership is defined as ‘the process in which an individual influences the group of individuals to attain a common goal’. “The theory suggests that a leader’s behaviour is motivating or satisfying to the degree that the behaviour increases subordinate goal attainment and clarifies the paths to these goals.” â House and Mitchell. 4. c. Though it reflects five leadership styles, there can be other combinations also like 6.4, 7.3, 8.2 etc. There are different types of educational leadership styles like Servant Leadership, Transactional Leadership, Emotional Leadership, Transformational Leadership etc. Essay on Leadership # Theories of Leadership (Essay 5) Some of the popular theories of leadership are: (i) Trait Theories: Trait is the personal quality of an individual. Within these two extremes, leader has the option to choose the style which reflects combination of: 1. Where organisation structure wants strict compliance to plans and policies, leaders are effective if they follow task-oriented behaviour. This can be discussed under the following categories: Based on sources of power, leadership style may be one of the following: 2. Positions on the grid are not the only situations reflecting the leadership styles. Leaders should set example before followers and be their ideal. (a) Effective leaders invite workers to participate in decision-making processes, and. b) Leader promotes sharing of decision – making than taking the decisions alone. It is commitment of the employees to do the work. Leadership is a basically a quality done leader by of raising person’s vision and motivating there team to a higher levels of performance and ability as well as building a task oriented team beyond normal limitations. The best style depended on the situation faced by the leaders. As a whole leadership plays a vital role in the success and development of an organization. A person can be a good leader if he has characteristics like popularity, confidence, intelligence, social and inter-personal skills etc. The player who has leadership skills in his character is given the opportunity to lead the team. No confidence and trust is shown by the leaders towards subordinates and, therefore, loyalty of members towards leaders is also minimum. This is the most effective style of leadership where leaders show high concern for people and task. Skills and abilities, social factors, emotional stability, interpersonal skills to deal with people, technical skills to manage the operations, motivating skills to drive people to action are the acquired skills. He exercises minimum efforts to get the work done and group members perform the work themselves. Fiedler identified two leadership styles, task-oriented and human relations-oriented. “Leadership is the quality of behavior of individuals whereby they guide people or their activities in organising efforts” — Chester I. Barnard “Leadership is the ability of a superior to induce subordinates to work with confidence and I zeal” — Koontz and ‘Donnell Are relationships based on respect and trust or on disrespect? Such a system leads to form informal groups whose goals are contrary to goals of the management. This essay in leadership is composed by taking in mind different examination criteria. This describes relationship between leader and the members. “It is possible that individuals become more assertive and self-confident once they occupy a leadership position, and so even these traits may be results, rather than causes, of leadership ability.”. Trait theory believes that successful leader has certain personal characteristics. teams. The group, thus, has significant control on how tasks are to be accomplished. (d) Workers’ potential remains unexploited. Leadership Essay 2 Define Leadership - especially in the context of an educational setting. A good leader possesses many skills. 2. Leaders are dynamic persons who set high standards of performance. It defines the extent to which leader engages in two-way communication, encourages and supports team members, facilitates interaction and involves the group in decision-making. Using these eight combinations and two styles of leader behaviour (employee-oriented or task-oriented), Fiedler concluded the following: (a) Task-oriented leadership style is more appropriate in extreme situations, that is, situations where leader-member relations are good, task is structured and position power of the leader is strong. The employees know their jobs and want to become part of the team. Leadership in Education: – Leadership in education or educational leadership is a combined process that unites the wisdom of the triangle i.e the teachers, parents and students. The trait theory suffers from the following limitations: (a) Relationship between traits and leadership cannot be verified. They have the skill, knowledge and competence to handle the jobs on their own. As a result, production reaches its maximum. Essay on Leadership: Meaning, Nature and Importance of Leadership! Furthermore, not everyone has this quality. Leader behaviour is participative in nature. Employee-oriented approach towards the group, thus, produced results better than the production-oriented approach. Task-oriented style aims at getting the work done with not much focus on growth and development of employees. Using this style is of mutual benefit â it allows employees to become part of the team and allows the leader to make better decisions. In reviewing the multitude of leadership theories and in discussing the volumes of Thus, while quantity of performance was sometimes higher in autocratic style and sometimes in democratic style, the quality (reflected in job satisfaction) was always higher in democratic style of leadership. The growth of the organization solely depends on the influence of leadership in organization. Situational theories are also called contingency theories as leadership style is contingent upon situational variables. These situational variables define the situation to be favourable or unfavourable. This system of leadership is a slight improvement over system 1. Image Guidelines 4. This represents low concern for production and high concern for people. Employees also put all their efforts to achieve those goals. Subordinates will not be loyal if leaders are not supportive. If employees are not confident, they would be willing to be led by task-oriented leadership style. Leadership in management: – A good management canât be imagined without a leader. When followers bestow confidence in leaders, leaders’ expert and referent power increases which further increases interaction between them and the followers. It’s not necessary that each member of a team will have the same approach, but imbibing a positive attitude in each of them can put an idea to life, regardless of the difficulty. Even in unfavourable situation for leaders, where leader-member relations are not good, task is unstructured and position power of the leader is weak, autocratic or task- oriented approach to leadership is preferred. The model is based on the following considerations: c. Leadership styles related to maturity level of employees. However, the leader maintains the final decision making authority. However, all individuals with such specific features were not found to be good leaders. The reasons are articulated with characteristic feature of transformational leadership. They issue instructions in official capacity. 500+ Words Essay on Leadership. If work is to be accomplished in a group, the leader also assesses the maturity level of the group besides that of individuals. (d) Achievement-oriented leader behaviour: Leaders set challenging goals for employees and promote their confidence to achieve them. In complex situations, leaders should be able to decide about the right course of action. Even if leaders and followers are ready to work together, the situation may not allow them to do so. Situational theories emphasise on situation in formulating situational theories. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. You have entered an incorrect email address! He develops understanding amongst followers, resolves individual and group conflicts and harmonizes individual goals with organisational goals. In a non-formal situation, such as a group of friends, leadership behaviour occurs when one individual takes lead in most of the group activities and influences people to work towards common goals. The performance of group members can be easily controlled. (b) Leaving everything to subordinates may be detrimental to effective attainment of organisational goals. The teachers are considered the founder of educational leadership. Attitude is what shapes a leader. This is characterised by high-relationship and low-task behaviour. The following points explain the nature of leadership: 1. Both management and employees look forward to satisfy each others’ needs and both the needs are satisfied to a substantial extent. If all members of the group work in coordination, supportive or participative style is adopted. Download. This is similar to democratic style of leadership. Based on the managerial grid, five leadership styles have been identified with varying degrees of concern for people and task. Employee-oriented style aims to complete the task through friendly behaviour towards the followers and allowing them to participate in the decision-making processes. (b) Situations between favourable and unfavourable, that is situations which are intermediate in favourableness, can be best managed by employee-oriented leaders. In educational leadership, the teachers, students, parents and those who are involved in the process put their efforts together to upgrade the quality of education. They react favourably and behave the way leaders want them to behave. Different combinations of traits is totally dependent on the situation that leaders face. Leadership and management are the terms that can be compared with both sides of a coin. Participative (democratic) leaders, and. 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